The lie of a golf club is important from a directional standpoint for any club in the golf bag. When the lie is not matched properly it can have an effect of producing a shot that either goes right or left of the intended target line even on a perfectly good swing plane and path. Lie is closely tied together with how the length of a golf club is measured and one can’t usually be mentioned without the other. But before we can address the impact of an improper lie angle first, we need to address how the lie of a golf club is exactly measured.

*Lie:** The angle between the shaft and the ground line when the club is measured in normal playing position with the center of the sole touching the ground line.*

The lie is most easily measured using an industrial golf club specification gauge that the foundries, golf club manufacturers and very few golf clubmaking shops have access to. The golf clubhead is placed into the gauge and adjusted until the center of the sole touches the base of the gauge with the club in the face angle designed by the manufacturer. The angle formed from the base of the specification gauge to the shaft’s axis can be read off of the precision gauge. In our example, the result is 58 degrees. A higher number, the more vertical the golf shaft axis while a lower number would position the shaft axis closer to the ground line.

**The “Triangle”**

In this example, the golf club length is 38” measured along the back side if the shaft to the ground. Let’s say in order for the center of the sole to be touching the surface, the butt end of the grip is 32.91” off of the ground (OK, your ruler will probably read 32 7/8”). Two sides of a triangle is all you need to know to find the remaining sides and ensuing angles – who said math isn’t fun? The harder measurement is the distance from the wall to the back side of the heel as the heel will rest off of the ground due to the radius of the sole. It is usually simpler to find out its length mathematically.

From trigonometry, you can use the following formula to find what the lie angle is. You will need a scientific calculator.

Sin^{-1} (32.91”/38”) = sin^{-1} (0.866”) = 60°

Take the same club and slide the butt end down the wall so the butt end is approximately 32.23” (38 ¼”) off of the surface. There will be two things that will become obvious. The first is the heel of the club is further away from the wall. By moving the butt end 5/8” lower toward the surface, it kicks out the heel approximately 1 1/8” outward to 20.14”. The second is the heel portion of the club is resting off of the ground rather than the center of the sole. This is because you changed the lie angle of the club at address. The lie angle of the club in this position is:

Sin^{-1} (32.23”/38”) = Sin^{-1} (0.848”) = 58°

Now, it is important to realize that this is not the lie of the head, as the lie did not change at all because it does not meet the requirements of the lie definition. The manufacturer intended for the club at impact to have the center of the sole touching the ground. Therefore when the heel of the club makes contact with the ground first, the club is said to be too upright. Then the hosel of the club would either need adjusted or a head selected with the corresponding lie created by the shaft plane.

(Note: at address the club may rest on the heel, but the club may flatten out during the swing or the golfer may raise or lower their hands between the address position and impact. That is why we are only concerned with impact.)

Let us demonstrate the opposite by moving the heel of the club closer to the wall. Slide the butt end up the wall so the butt end is approximately 33.55” (38 1/2”). The lie angle of the club in this position is now:

^{-1} (33.55”/38”) = Sin^{-1} (0.883”) = 62°

The length of the remaining side:

Cos (62°) X 38” = Cos (0.469) x 38” = 17.84”

To the right is a close up of the club in the position. Contact on the sole is made toward the toe of the club. Again the manufacturer intended for the club at impact to have the center of the sole touching the ground. Therefore when the toe of the club makes contact with the ground first, the club is said to be too flat. Then the hosel of the club would either need adjusted or a head selected with the corresponding lie created by the shaft plane.

## 5 comments

[...] The lie of a golf club is important from a directional standpoint for any club in the bag. When the golf lie is not matched properly it can have an effect of producing a shot that either goes right or left of the intended target line even on a perfectly good swing plane and path. Lie is closely tied together with how the length of a golf club is measured and one can’t usually be mentioned without …continued. [...]

[...] mentioned in the “How is the Lie of a Golf Club Measured?” article we stated that the lie of a golf club is closely tied together with how the length of a [...]

I’m 6 foot 7 inches tall. Lie angles are an issue for me. With the use of ping irons, Ive been able to fix the problem with my irons. without lengthening my woods, is it possible to adjust to a more upright angle?

Kevin:

All of our irons with the exception of the Dynacraft Prophet MGD can be bent a maximum of 2 degree more upright from the catalog specification. Look for an iron that is more upright to begin with like our Acer XK. However with the woods and hybrids, the hosels are typically too short and the insertion depth too deep to be able to adjust the lie. Again, look for models that are the most upright.

The lie is much easier to check than shown here. Get a felt tip marker and draw an straight line about the circumference of the ball, maybe halfway around. Put the ball on the tee or ground with the line on the back side (the hit side) with the line straight up and down. Clean any dirt off your club and just hit the ball. Some of the ink will transfer to the club. Hold your club with line vertical and you will see the lie of the club as you actually hit the ball. No theory or calculations here, this shows the lie of the club as you really hit the ball. The line should be perpendicular to the sole. Interperting the results should be obvious.